US Airways is hoping to file paperwork with US antitrust regulators as early as July for a proposed merger with AMR, the bankrupt parent of American Airlines, according to five sources familiar with the matter.
US Airways believes securing regulatory approval for its proposed deal would remove one key element of uncertainty from the picture, bolstering its case as AMR’s creditors compare the merits of a merger with the carrier’s standalone restructuring plan, said the sources, who asked not to be named because they were not authorised to speak publicly about the matter.
US Air first confirmed its interest in merging with AMR in January.
The sources cautioned that the exact timing of a filing with antitrust regulators depends in large part on the status of AMR’s ongoing contract disputes with its three primary unions, and the timeframe could slip beyond July.
In addition, US Airways is hoping to make the antitrust filing with the consent of AMR and its creditors, under the bankrupt carrier’s recent agreement with its unsecured creditors committee to study alternative restructuring plans, the sources said. US Airways does not plan a unilateral filing, they said.
While AMR has been reluctant to pursue a merger option aggressively, it has agreed to a general framework for exploring consolidation scenarios. That protocol may provide an avenue for AMR to sign letters of intent with potential suitors seeking to file antitrust paperwork, the people said.
AMR management has so far emphasised it prefers to exit bankruptcy as an independent entity before considering any merger.
Under the Hart–Scott–Rodino (HSR) Antitrust Improvements Act, companies must not complete a merger until the US Federal Trade Commission and Department of Justice determine that the transaction will not hurt competition.
In addition to initiating the regulatory review process, US Airways also plans to conduct due diligence over the next few months before it can present the creditors committee with a formal proposal not subject to any conditions, the people said.
AMR’s unsecured creditors committee, which helped draft the merger protocol, has not said exactly what the protocol includes, or where the committee stands on filing HSR paperwork in the near future. Jack Butler, the committee’s lead attorney, declined to comment.
Representatives for US Airways declined to comment. AMR did not have an immediate comment.
AMR sought bankruptcy protection from creditors in November and wants USD$1.25 billion in annual cost savings from labour. It has threatened to cancel collective bargaining agreements covering thousands of workers, including pilots and flight attendants, if new agreements are not struck soon.
AMR’s creditors want the talks to conclude before they begin a detailed review of merger scenarios, because that will give a concrete sense of AMR’s labour structure and provide a benchmark against which to measure the cost or savings of a merger, according to people familiar with the matter.
AMR and its unions are on the clock to try to reach new work deals by June 22. In the absence of consensual deals, bankruptcy judge Sean Lane has the right to grant an earlier request from AMR to scrap its current deals altogether and unilaterally implement new, interim terms.
AMR’s unions believe the airline cannot remain competitive long-term without a merger, after four prominent rivals have already merged to form two mega-carriers at United Continental and Delta Air Lines. The unions have said they do not believe that concessions from them alone will solve AMR’s growing revenue disparity with Delta and United.
In court papers filed last month, AMR said it was expanding the role of its adviser McKinsey to include a merger analysis, such as “evaluating costs and risks of alternative restructurings” and “complying with all due diligence requests” from its creditors in connection with those alternatives.